News

  • If sobriety isn’t an option, ‘harm reduction’ can work for homeless people with alcoholism, study finds

    A new University of Washington study finds a "harm reduction" approach can be effective at getting alcoholic and chronically homeless people to drink less. reg Hardegger was getting drunk on vanilla extract, living under the Dravus Street Bridge in Interbay, when one day in 2015 he decided to change his life. He went to Harborview Addiction Clinic and started a 12-step program. But it didn’t work for him. He kept going back to binge drinking [...]

    2019-03-15 | seattletimes.com

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  • Mental health problems can be diagnosed using children’s teeth, scientists suggest

    Children’s teeth could provide a window into their minds and help doctors diagnose mental health problems at an early stage, according to new research. Scientists examining teeth lost by six-year-olds found traces on their surface that were associated with behavioural problems. Children with thin tooth enamel in particular often found it hard to pay attention or were more aggressive, the study found. These traits that have been linked to poor [...]

    2019-02-22 | independent.co.uk

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  • Why the Rural Opioid Crisis Is Different From the Urban One

    In 2017, opioid overdose deaths in the U.S. reached a record high. And mayors and local leaders across the country have been scrambling to figure out what’s driving this precipitous rise of opioid mortality in the last two decades. Several theories have been aired, from aggressive Big Pharma marketing to anxiety among Baby Boomers. Unfortunately, no one-size-fits-all answer exist—how and why this public health problem manifests locally varies [...]

    2019-02-24 | citylab.com

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  • If You Build It, They Might Not Come: Animating City Spaces

    If you live in a city, you have probably walked by a newly redesigned public space that just happens to be…completely empty. In fact, millions of dollars are spent every year renovating public spaces in an effort to attract users. So, why do so many revamped areas remain unused and unloved after so much thought and economic resources are put into reenvisioning them? The Center for Active Design (CfAD) has spent the last four years exploring that [...]

    2019-02-21 | citylab.com

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  • How urban agriculture can improve food security in US citie

    During the partial federal shutdown in December 2018 and January 2019, news reports showed furloughed government workers standing in line for donated meals. These images were reminders that for an estimated one out of eight Americans, food insecurity is a near-term risk. In California, where I teach, 80 percent of the population lives in cities. Feeding the cities of the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area, with a total population of some [...]

    2019-02-20 | theconversation.com

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  • Confused by the headlines on alcohol consumption? You should be

    Two front page headlines based on figures from the Office for National Statistics caused confusion this week. The Daily Mail, which is usually eager to push the Boozy Britain narrative, led with the news that the number of Britons who exceed the government’s drinking guidelines has fallen significantly. The Independent, by contrast, ran with the news that alcohol-related deaths have reached an all-time high. Who’s right? Actually, both of them [...

    2019-02-11 | health.spectator.co.uk

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  • Finland's Basic Income Experiment Kind of Works, but Not in Employment Terms

    Finland has begun reporting on its two-year experiment with the so-called basic income—guaranteed monthly cash for citizens. So how did it work out? The results so far are mixed. The program involved a couple of thousand unemployed Finns between the ages of 25 and 58, who got €560 ($634) a month through 2017 and 2018 instead of basic unemployment benefits. The second year’s results will be reported in 2020, but as for the first year, it seems [...]

    2019-02-10 | fortune.com

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  • Ducks and the City: how birds thrive in urban spaces

    New York may be well known one of the most diverse, cosmopolitan places on Earth, but the arrival of one East Asian migrant in October 2018 still managed to surprise and delight the city. One lonely male mandarin duck – a gorgeous rust-red duck streaked with white and blue, native to Japan, Korea and East China – somehow found its way to Central Park and settled down on one of the ponds among the mallards and wood ducks to become the media [...]

    2019-01-27 | citymetric.com

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  • Study reveals how soda industry influence helped shape obesity policy in China

    A complex network of research funding, institutional ties and personal influence has allowed the Coca-Cola Company, through its connections with a nonprofit group, to exert substantial influence over obesity science and policy solutions in China, and as a result government policy aligns with the company's corporate interests, a Harvard study has found. The study, conducted by Susan Greenhalgh, the John King and Wilma Cannon Fairbank Research [...]

    2019-01-16 | medicalxpress.com

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  • Dementia incidence increased 117% globally from 1990 to 2016

    The incidence of dementia increased by 117% between 1990 and 2016, according to data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016. In addition, the data showed that the number of dementia-related deaths increased by 148% in this 26-year period, making dementia the fifth-largest cause of death in 2016. “The capacity of [Global Burden of Diseases Study] to examine patterns across countries creates a unique opportunity [...]

    2018-12-24 | healio.com

     

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  • A mountain of evidence on air pollution's harms to children

     A new study led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) organizes the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children's health. The paper in the journal Environmental Research is the first comprehensive review of the associations between various fossil fuel combustion pollutants and multiple health effects in children in the context of assessing the benefits of air pollution and climate [...]

    2018-12-21 | sciencedaily.com

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  • Your postal code may influence your health: study

    Where you live in Canada may play a role in your risk of major diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Researchers at McMaster University have identified trends linking health and lifestyle factors like access to public transit, the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables in grocery stores, the prices of popular foods, the availability and prices of cigarettes and alcohol, and the promotion, or lack thereof, of healthy foods [...].

    2018-12-20 | medicalxpress.com

     

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